0. Project Ideas from 2012


INSTRUCTIONS for 2012-Sec1 going to 2013-Sec2 students:
The ISS programme will take place over 9 weeks at 4 lessons per week in 2013 Term 3.
There are 36 periods of ISS lessons from end JUNE to end AUG.
1. Form your Science Research Groups of 3 to 4 persons.
2. Choose one of the 5 types of research below.
3. Refer to the 2012-Sec 2 titles further below for some ideas.
4. Design a title for your research with class and names of members.
5. Submit to tan_hoe_teck@sst.edu.sg for approval before Nov 2012.
6. Student groups who submit late may not have any budget or equipment prepared in time.

TYPES OF RESEARCH  

(1) Test a hypothesis: Hypothesis-driven research
One research method in particular is usually singled out by introductory science texts. It is known as the Scientific method. Steps in this method are
(a) State a hypothesis
(b) Design and experimental procedure to test the hypothesis
(c)  Construct any necessary apparatus
(d) Perform the experiments
(e) Analyze the data from the experiment to determine how likely it is the hypothesis can be disproved
(f)  Refine or correct the hypothesis and continue if necessary

(2) Measure a value: Experimental research (I)
(a) Identify a well-defined quantity
(b) Design a procedure to measure it
(c)  Construct any necessary apparatus
(d) Perform the experiments
(e) Analyse and report on the accuracy of the results

(3) Measure a function or relationship: Experimental research (II)
(a) Observe a phenomenon and develop testable questions
(b) Identify control variables and response functions
(c)  Design an experimental procedure to vary the control variable, measure the response variables, and keep other factors constant
(d) Construct any necessary apparatus
(e) Perform the experiments
(f)  Analyse the relation between control variables and response variables, and characterize the relation mathematically

(4) Construct a model: Theoretical sciences and applied mathematics
(a) Choose a relationship discovered through experimental investigation
(b) Construct mental pictures to explain the relationship, and develop hypotheses about origins of the phenomenon
(c)  Identify basic mathematical equations from which the relation might result
(d) Using analytical or numerical techniques, determine whether the experimental relationship results from the basic mathematical equations
(e) If incorrect, find a new mathematical starting point
(f)  If correct, predict new relationships to be found in future experiments

(5) Observational and exploratory research
(a) Create and instrument or method for making observations that have not been made before
(b) Carry out observations, recording as much detail as possible, searching for unexpected objects or relationships
(c)  Present results and stimulate further research

(6) Improve a product or process: Industrial and applied research 
(a) Identify market need for product
(b) Design product with the potential to meet the need
(c) Build prototype products
(d) Determine whether products function as desired
(e) Optimise products with respect to cost, speed, environmental consequences, and other factors that affect profit
(f) Bring product to market and continue 



2012 Sec 2 ISS Project Titles
SST emerged as one of the top 10 schools in the world to have used THINKQUEST for ISS and won USD$5000 

An investigation of the wavelength of light that affects the photosynthesis of the fast plant.
An investigation of the factors that affect the growth of moulds on bread.
Development of a multiple temperature sensor system for soil temperature profiling to determine the optimum temperature for incubation of wild turtle eggs Tan Kah Kee Young Inventors Award 2013 submitted 
An investigation of the factors on the growth of bacteria in kimchi vegetables http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u5IGLjlYWOY SHELL Singapore Youth Science Festival 2012 (Merit Award)
An investigation of the variation of temperature in the SST classroom so as to design an eco-friendly campus environment.
An investigation of the sound frequency and sound intensity at different parts of the new SST campus.
An investigation of the different types of insects found in the Ulu Pandan Forested Area http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eHGR6sK1414 SHELL Singapore Youth Science Festival 2012 (Gold Award)
An investigation of the growth of bacteria on different metallic surfaces within SST campus.
An investigation of the noise level within SST campus and ways to remediate the effects of noise pollution.
An investigation of the chemical agents on the rising of bread.
An investigation of the shock absorption of different types of materials used for the sole of sports shoes.
An investigation of the acidity of pH and concentration of N/P/K on the growth rate of shallot onions.
An investigation of the types of antibacterial handsoap that effectively kills bacteria on learning devices.
An investigation of the amount of vitamin C in different types of citrus fruits.
An investigation of the performance of different long range wings that are used in commercial air-cratfs.
An investigation of the different shapes of the trailing edge that affects the lift of an aerofoil.
An investigation of the factors that affect sound parameters (frequency, intensity) in an enclosed space.
An investigation of the effects of Traditional Chinese Medicine Plants on the Growth of Escherichia Coli
An investigation of the factors (pH, Cl, NH4, P, K, temperature, Turbidity, Conductivity, Dissolved Oxygen) that affect the growth of water plants (hyacinth, hydrilla, arrowhead).
An investigation of the amount of pH/NPK on the rate of growth of rice plants.
An investigation of the factors that affect the performance of a P.E.T. water rocket http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wRHppMGViTQ
An investigation of the types of paint that delays the onset of rusting in iron plates. THINKQUEST Top 10% - shortlisted for internship
An investigation of the different colored lightings that affect the growth of green bean plants.
An investigation of the carbon dioxide concentration in the classroom over a typical school day.
An investigation of how different qualities of water affect plant growth.
An investigation of varying concentration of salt and sugar solutions that affect the growth of green bean plants.
An investigation of the stress on a bridge structure http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rF-JyGMevzc SHELL Singapore Youth Science Festival 2012 (Silver Award + BEST Multimedia)
An investigation of the different materials that can be used to soundproof different parts of a school.
An investigation on the effectiveness of spices on the growth of bacteria.
An investigation on the effect on carbon dioxide on the corrosion of sea-shells in seawater.
An investigation of the factors that affects the decomposition of raw fibrous vegetables in the making of compost for organic farming.
An investigation of the water quality of the SST Eco-pond http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FmRQcLER_hY
An investigation of the effect of TCM plant extracts on the growth of bacteria.
An investigation on the effect of caffeine on the growth of plants
An investigation on the effectiveness of essential oils on the growth of bacteria
An investigation of the amount of pH/NPK on the rate of growth of kailan plants.
An investigation of the effect of temperature on a ferromagnet's magnetic field and electrical resistance.
An investigation of how heart rate, blood pressure and EKG change during exercise.
An investigation of the effectiveness of different basic geometric shapes and angles of the sail
An investigation of the factors that affect the performance of Standing Broad Jump for Females
An investigation of the factors (angle of attack, shape, speed of air flow) that affect the lift of an Aerofoil. The Amazing Science-X Challenge 2012 (Special Mention) 
An investigation of the O2 and CO2 level in an SST Classroom / Staffroom throughout the day so as to prevent the development of sick building syndrome.
An investigation of the amount of pH/NPK on the rate of growth of rice plants.
An investigation of how the solar magnetic field changes with the time of the day.
Development of a lightning detection system using VLF NUS Physics Enrichment Camp 2012 IPS Video award (Merit)
Development of a digital pulse reading system Tan Kah Kee Young Inventors Award 2013 submitted 
An investigation of the pH and sugar level of different types of popular carbonated and non-carbonated drinks.
An investigation of the factors that affect the aerodynamics of paper airplanes
An investigation of the factors (temperature, humidity, preservatives, salt, sugar, yeast used, bicarbonate) that affect the growth of molds on bread.
An investigation of the effects of common edible anti-oxidants that can delay the browning of cut apples
An investigation of the factors on the effectiveness of yeast as a meat tenderizer.
An investigation of the factors (paint, temperature, salt concentration) affects the speed of rusting.

Other unexplored topics

PHYSICS
1. Development of a cloud chamber to determine the cosmic radiation.
2. An investigation of the emission of photoelectrons due to the irradiance of photons.
3. An investigation of the stress distribution of various plastic materials due to polarized light.
4. An application of Lens matrix to the transformation of light rays through a lens.

MEDICAL SCIENCE
1. An investigation of the medical (anti-cancer) properties of Clinacanthus (Sabah snake grass).
http://goodguy.hubpages.com/hub/Herbal-cure-for-cancer
2. An investigation of the medical properties of Angelica keiskei (Ashitaba / tomorrow leaf).
http://skepat-lombok.blogspot.sg/2010/11/ashitaba-medicinal-plant-and-health.html
3. An investigation of the medical properties of Orthosiphon Stamineus (Cat's Whiskers).
http://www.vrp.com/urinary-tract-support/orthosiphon-stamineus-the-diverse-benefits-of-a-unique-natural-diuretic
4. An investigation of the medical properties of STROBILANTHES CRISPUS (The Black Faced General).
http://www.natureloveyou.sg/Strobilanthes%20crispa/Main.html

FOOD SCIENCE
1. An investigation of the photoluminescence of ethylene-gassed bananas due to UV-irradiation.
2. An investigation of the TNF producing ability of ripened bananas.

BIOLOGY-MATHEMATICS-PHYSICS
1. An investigation of the red blood cell dimensions using a green laser pointer.
2. Development of a Odonate Flying Machine (Bio-mimicry).

ASTRONOMY
1. An investigation of the electromagnetic wave emissions due to lightning. http://theinspireproject.org/ 
2. An investigation of the 20MHz radiation due to solar flares / activity.
3. An investigation of the 20MHz radiation due to Jupiter-Io interaction.
4. An investigation of the interferometry effects of the 12GHz radiation. http://fringes.org/ 
5. An investigation of the atmospheric signals using Fourier analysis of VLF waves.
6. An investigation of the number of sunspots over a period of Jan to March 2013.
7. An investigation of sprites and elves over the Singapore sky.
8. An investigation of the characteristics of satellites over the Singapore sky.
9. An investigation of the magnetic fields due to the sun.
10. An investigation of the plasma bubbles over the equitorial belt above Singapore.

ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE
1. The use of Odonates as bio-indicators of the water quality in the central catchment area of Singapore.
2. An investigation of the adaptation of dragonfly nymphs in different water quality.
3. An investigation of the effect of ammonia / salinity of water on the growth of corals.
4. An investigation of the incubation temperature on the hatching of green turtle eggs in Perhentian Is.

ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
1. An investigation of UV radiation and the development of an innovative solution for UV sunscreen.
2. An investigation of the water quality and the development of an innovative solution.
3. An investigation of the heat conductivities of double-glassed wall and the development of an innovative solution for SST.
4. An evaluation of the biochemical composition of Ultra Filtration water treatment systems.

GEO-SCIENCE ENGINEERING
1. Development of a sensor system for the investigation of Lightning.
2. Development of a sensor system for the investigation of Earthquakes.
3. Development of a sensor system for the investigation of Space Weather.
4. Development of a sensor system for the investigation of Haze.


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